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By a previously unknown French maker, S.I.A.M.E - Sociét?Industrielle D'Apparellages Méchaniques et Electriques of 74, rue Saint-Maur, Paris X1, right in the heart of the city- the L'outilerv?/I> (literally, "the toolkit") was especially well built with steel and cast-iron used for its main components and aluminium for the drive pulleys. The machine was of unusual - and of novel construction - with, in effect, three bed ways formed by solid steel round bars arranged in parallel, the largest of these being the rearmost of the three, this supporting the headstock and lever-action tailstock. However, the arrangement was not unique, having being employed on an unusual English Mandrel/Swiss Universal lathe (circa 1870-1890) of a most unusual configuration similar in layout to the Siame (it is shown below)
The carriage of the Siame, which also ran on the main rear bedway, was supported at its forward end on the two smaller bars - these being socketed into brackets clamped around the bed at its headstock and tailstock ends. Between the two smaller bars was a hand-turned screw, this providing a sliding feed for the carriage, a full-circle handwheel being positioned at its right-hand end. Even the carriage arrangement was unusual, it being formed as a combined carriage and cross-slide assembly with its upper section consisting of two horizontal round bars at right angles to the bed. The fixed lower bar provided the "ways" on which the cross slide ran, the upper being a screw-driven "pusher bar" to apply the feed.
While details of the headstock bearing arrangement are unknown it would seem, from its appearance, to have carried a spindle running in ball races, the 3-step V-pulley being driven directly from an electric motor supported on a plate whose forward end clamped around the bed. On the left-hand end of the motor a grinding wheel and tool rest were provided while, at the tailstock end of the bed, the support foot was formed with a socket that would, presumably, have allowed a drilling column to be inserted. This latter arrangement was along the lines employed, for example, on the Guilder Modelmaker, rather as used on the Coronet Ruby where the whole of the machine had to be tipped vertically to be used as the drill. Unfortunately the whole of the drilling arrangement is missing from the machine shown below.
It appears that the Sociét?Industrielle D'Apparellages Méchaniques et Electriques offered more than just this single, ingenious model for, thanks to an enthusiast in France, details have emerged of a second much simpler type that used just a single steel bar as its bed - a copy of the maker's advertisement being the last picture on this page. While the maker's claim that: l'outilerve remplace tout un atelier "The tool that replaces an entire workshop" was somewhat overblown, it was certainly ingenious. Arranged with a base plate that allowed it to be fastened vertically, using (in effect) two built-in "G-clamps" for use as a drill, it could also, using two cast-iron feet, be mounted horizontally when it would have performed as a simple wood-turning lathe and saw bench. Power came from the owner's own electric drill, clamped in place using suitable brackets. It's likely that parts from this simpler model would have been used to make up the drilling parts of the more complex model.
A number of other multi-functions machines - some very much more complex and larger than the SIAME - can be found listed here
Si un lecteur a une Outilerv? l'écrivain serait intéress?de vous entendre ..