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      email: tony@lathes.co.uk
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      Hamfa "Geja" Lathe - Holland


      Manufactured in Hengelo, in the eastern part of the Netherlands, the "Geja" lathe was made by the Hamfa Company, who also produced, in the same factory, a once well-known range of sewing machines. Also branded as the "Hobbystar",  the Hamfa lathe is little-known outside its native Holland and appears to have been built in two versions: one a conventional backgeared and power sliding lathe with a cast-iron bed and the other a rather unusual machine with a combination of round and box-bar beds. The ordinary version would have been made during the 1950s, the other during the 1960s until the mid 1970s.
      Of conventional appearance, the iron-bed lathe looked conventional enough yet incorporated some interesting design features and showed evidence of clever cost cutting in its production. With a centre height of 68 mm (2.64 inches) and a capacity between centres of approximately 250 mm (10 inches) the lathe was almost in the miniature category yet had a proper 5 : 1 ratio backgear assembly and a gear-driven power feed to the carriage.
      Driven by a cast-iron V-belt pulley the backgeared headstock spindle was able to run, even when coupled directly to a 1425-rpm motor, through a reasonable spread of speeds: approximately 100, 217, 436 rpm in backgear and 500, 1080 and 2180 rpm in direct drive.
      Unfortunately the power feed to the carriage did not extend to the generation of threads for only one sliding stud was available to carry a compound gear assembly between the spindle and leadscrew. The standard fine-feed arrangement had a 20t gear on the headstock spindle engaging with an 85/20t compound gear that drove a 100t gear on the leadscrew. The stud slid far enough for the 20t gear to be swapped for either 30t or 45t gears to give a feed range that varied from 0,.10 mm per revolution of the chuck through 0.95 mm to 1.45 mm. Although an ambitious owner could have changed the leadscrew  and headstock gears, and experimented with various other paired combinations on the sliding stud, arriving at a satisfactory threading range would have been very difficult. The manner of mounting the leadscrew was interesting: to save the bother and expensive of jig drilling and then reaming or bushing holes in lugs at each end of the bed casting two flat arms, each with a simple plain bearing, were clamped across each end face of the bed. With the low forces involved it would have been possible to make the mounting holes to be slightly oversize and allow the assembly to "find its own position" on the bolts when the carriage was in place and the leadscrew clasp nuts brought together.
      Along the cast-iron, flat-topped V-edged bed ran a proper carriage assembly with a winged saddle and compound slide rest. Although proper clasp nuts were fitted to engage the leadscrew the carriage-traverse handwheel was, unfortunately, far too small and, with its gear engaging directly with the (fine-pitch) rack, making smooth, hand-fed movements must have been difficult.
      A proper compound slide rest was fitted but the cross slide was of the short type (with only two gib-strip adjustment screws) and would have worn the ways in the middle more than at the ends; no swarf guard appears to have been fitted at the rear of the slide and the micrometer dials were rudimentary.
      Heavily constructed for a small lathe, the tailstock could be set over for the turning of slight tapers and had a spindle with a No. 1 Morse-taper socket Sadly, cost cutting went too far and to clamp the unit to the bed required the use of a loose, self-hiding spanner while the barrel was locked by a direct-acting screw.
      If you have a Geja lathe by Hamfa the writer would be interested to hear from you.

      Whilst not in the Lorch LAS class the clean and attractive lines of the Geja indicate a small hobby lathe of better-than-usual quality.

      With the backgear assembly clustered together at its left-hand end, the headstock design resembled than of the English Faircut. This example is missing the gear and its retaining collar on the end of the spindle and, although driven directly from an electric motor without a countershaft, would have had, thanks to a "Variac" (variable-voltage transformer) controller and its backgear, a useful speed range.
      In this picture the flat bracket carrying the leadscrew bearing can be seen together with the single changewheel support arm.

      The tailstock had a No. 1 Morse-taper spindle and could be off-set ion its base for taper work.

      Bolt-on bracket at each end of the bed provided a simple and adjustable means of support for the leadscrew bearings. Although the apron carried proper clasp nuts unfortunately the carriage-traverse handwheel was far too small and its gear engaged directly with the (fine-pitch) rack making smooth, hand-fed movements difficult to achieve. The short cross slide had only two gib-strip adjustment screws.

      To mount the leadscrew two arms, each carrying a plain bush, clamped across the end faces of the bed. 

      This well-made Geja has a central round bar as its bed with, behind, a stabilising rectangular bar and, in front, the feed screw with a dog clutch at its headstock end.  This simple but surprisingly effective layout it is identical to that employed on the EXE 2.5" lathe as first made in the 1920s, though in the case of the "unknown" with the component parts arranged horizontally instead of vertically.
      Drive to the feed screw is by a 3-step extension to the overhung headstock pulley, the speeds so provided being supplemented by a 2-speed gear train - the effect of which is to further reduce the feed rate and increase the available torque. From its appearance, it would seem that the headstock contains a speed-reducing backgear assembly. Should you have an example the writer would be interested to hear from you


      Geja  spindle speed and screwcutting chart

      The English with bed bar, bracing bar and feed screw
      arranged vertically instead of horizontally as on the "unknown"


      email: tony@lathes.co.uk
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      Hamfa "Geja" Lathe - Holland
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