From the early 1960s Anayak, a Spanish machine tool company (eventually to be merged with another, Nicolás Correa) built a small range of milling machines including a number of turret-head milling models based closely on the original Bridgeport. Like the similar Kondia (and no doubt the other eighteen or so Spanish companies who offered similar copies) the design did not replicate the Bridgeport exactly but the spindle speeds, table feed rates and accessories were similar enough - but the cost, of course, much lower.
Also sold branded as DoAll in the USA, (though tending to be sold under its original name in other markets) the ram-head millers are known to have continued in production until at least the 1990s - by which time they were being offered alongside two more or less conventional types and a range of computer-controlled models amongst which was Spain's first CNC machining centre.
From almost the start of production several versions were offered: the smaller 2 h.p. FV-1 and FV-2 and larger 3-4 h.p. FV-3 and FV-4. Each type could be had with copying equipment (some with two heads) and, by the early 1970s, with the option of NC controls. All models, apart from the infinitely variable-speed FV-2V, used a simple-belt V-belt drive system that required the operator to slacken a clamp, pull the motor forwards, move the belt from pulley to pulley and then re-tension the drive. As the height from floor to belt-cover was around 72 inches (1.8m) this would have been an awkward, standing-on-tip-toes job.
Although the maker's sales sheets listed discreet models with fixed specifications, it is known that some variation to these occurred as customers were free to select the particular features they required.
Anayak FV-1, FV-1T2, FV-2 and FV-2u,
Mechanically identical in respect of their major components (except for the size of table that was 49" (1245 mm) long on all versions but 10" (250 mm) wide on the FV-1 and 12" (300 mm) on the FV-2) these millers were really just one model offered with different specifications. Fitted with three T-slots 0.6" (15 mm) each wide on 2.5" (65 mm) spacing, the table had a longitudinal travel of 37.5" (952 mm), in traverse of 15.75" (400 mm) and vertically of 18.125" (460 mm). On the FV-2U "Universal" the saddle was made much thicker and engineered so that the table could be swung through 45?each side of central - the arrangement reducing the vertical travel by 3.2"(80 mm).
Driving both the longitudinal and travel motions, the optional power-feed attachment consisted of a 0.75 h.p. motor and gearbox unit bolted to the underside of the saddle on the right-hand side. Although it shortened the longitudinal travel by a substantial 6 inches (150 mm), the attachment gave a good spread of twelve feed rates that spanned 0.5" to 20.875" (12.5 to 530 mm) per minute in both directions. At extra cost (and driven by the same motor) a single rate of longitudinal rapid traverse of 84.625" (2150 mm) per minute could also be fitted. Normal vertical travel was by hand only, but the option was offered of a self-contained rapid feed (with the motor hanging below the casting that supported the knee-lift crank-handle assembly) at the rate of 42.3" (1075 mm) per minute; both rapids were controlled by the usual spring-loaded safety handles that required holding down to maintain the drive.
Although on the cheaper FV-1 handles were fitted at each end of the table for manual drive to the longitudinal feed, on all other models a third was provided, set an angle at to the left of centre, it drove through rack-and-pinion gearing and allowed the operator to move the table when standing at the front of the machine.
Able to be turned through 360?on the column, rotated by worm gears through 180?on the longitudinal line and nodded through 90?on the traverse axis, the head had an in-and-out (ram) travel, operated by rack-and-pinion gearing, of 25" (635 mm). The head was fitted as standard with a 2 h.p. motor that gave eight speeds spanning a range of 62 to 2550 r.p.m. although at extra-cost a 2-speed 1.5/2 h.p. unit could be ordered that provided sixteen speeds covering a much more useful 35 to 3500 r.p.m. Slower speeds relied upon a backgear-like speed-reduction mechanism (as on the Bridgeport) that used hardened and ground gears.
With a quick-action hand-lever for drilling and a handwheel for fine feeds, the spindle had 5.125" (130 mm) of travel under hand or power feed - the latter with three rates set at 0.0013", 0.0025" and 0.0040" (0.033, 0.63 and 0.10 mm) per revolution and fitted with an automatic, pre-set disengage. Late models had, for some markets, an electronic infinitely-variable speed drive on the power feed - though what the rates were is not known. A choice of three spindle fittings was offered for the European market: ISO-30, ISO-40 and a Bridgeport type R8. For the USA market a 40 NMTB was also listed - with the possibility of other fittings as well.
Otherwise identical to the standard Fv-1, the FV-1T2 was fitted with a wide plate on the end of the ram carrying three T-slots that could accept up to four heads side by side with a minimum centre to centre spacing of 10 inches. The aim was to offer a miller capable of machining simple components in batches, an identical job being set-up under each head.
Based on the ordinary FV-2, the FV-2V shared all that machine's main features and specification apart from the head - this having a 2 h.p. motor driving a mechanical variable-speed drive system (using expanding and contracting pulleys together with backgear speed-reduction gears) that gave a range of spindle speeds from 50 to 3600 r.p.m. This version was also fitted, as standard, with power up and down feed to the quill and also table power feeds working in all three directions - although rapids on the horizontal and vertical feeds remained an extra-cost option.
A number of accessories and options (when not fitted as standard) were offered for all versions including a 0.75 h.p. self-contained slotting attachment, a cherrying head, a single 8" (200 mm) head raiser block, right-angle, multi-angle and horizontal milling attachments, a universal dividing head (with an optional gear train driven from the table feed screw to allow spiral milling), horizontal and vertical rotary tables, fixed and swivel-base machine vices, optical table-travel readers by O.P.L. (this was in the days before DRO systems became available), length-rod and DTI holders, centering microscope, collet chucks and collet sets to fit the various spindle noses, True-Trace and Synchro-Trace hydraulic copying attachments, ball feed screws, chrome-plated screws, hardened or chromed-plated ways and a one-shot table and feed-screw lubrication system..